Hunan Natural Calendar auspicious New Year, the return of the king

2022-04-29 0 By

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Perhaps this year, the south China tiger can return to huopeng Mountain, “the gateway to northern Hunan”, and stage a comeback.Historically, Hunan was one of the core distribution areas of the South China Tiger.Some researchers collated hunan county records and found that there should be more than 600 tigers in Hunan during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.Hunan county annals, recording the number of tigers in the first three places are 17, liuyang county anhua.we will act 12, 14, yongshun ningxiang county, changsha office, yiyang county, chengbu county, AnRen, hengyang county records also many, surprisingly, hills, mountains, more than even the plain lake area has a record of tigers,For example, yuanjiang, Linxiang, Lizhou, Huarong, Anxiang and so on around Dongting Lake.According to scientific calculations, a South China tiger needs to monopolize an area of at least 70 square kilometers to feed itself.With population growth and economic and social development, residents in Hunan are constantly expanding their living and production space.Therefore, for a long time, frequent clashes between humans and tigers broke out.For example, in the tenth year of the Reign of Emperor Chongzhen of the Ming Dynasty, three tigers attacked humans in Yuanjiang County at the same time.In the fifty-eighth year of the Reign of Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty, Xiangxiang County suffered up to fifty or sixty tiger raiders in a month.After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, there were numerous tiger attacks from Yuelu Mountain in Changsha to Xinhua and Anren, and countless livestock and poultry were dragged away and eaten by tigers.In September 1960, more than 100 tigers gathered around a small village at the southern foot of Xuefeng Mountain. Ignoring the fires lit by villagers and the sound of gongs, they besieged the village for three days and nights and finally stormed the village and looted it.This bizarre after the local word of mouth for the “100 tiger wai village” event.At that time, Hunan people called tigers “four-legged bandits”, and “tiger fighting teams” were set up around the country.The tigers are disappearing in Hunan due to human efforts and drastic changes in the natural environment.In the early 1990s, the former Ministry of Forestry and the World Wildlife Fund concluded that 20 to 30 South China tigers may still exist in the border areas of Hunan, Guangdong, Jiangxi and Fujian provinces, and traces of wild South China tigers have also been found in Huopeng Mountain.Later, the wild South China tiger completely disappeared. Now, as a national first-class protected animal, the South China tiger has been listed in the critically endangered red species list, and people can only see it in the artificial breeding environment.In 2011, Wupeng Mountain was officially recognized by the State forestry department as one of the better habitats for big cats, and it is planned to be released as a pilot area for the South China Tiger.At present, the feasibility of reintroduction of south China tiger into the wild is being studied.The tiger is a typical case of how man and nature should get along.South China tiger cat large beasts of prey, China’s unique tiger subspecies.Compared with other tiger species primitive, individual small, male from head to tail about 2.5 meters long, weight about 150 kg;The female tiger is about 2.3 meters long from head to tail and weighs about 120 kilograms.The ratio of skull length to skull width is large, the body is slender, and the abdomen is thin.The head is round, the ears are short, the limbs are thick and powerful, the tail is longer, and the chest and abdomen are mixed with more milky white;The whole body is orange yellow and full of black horizontal stripes, the spacing of stripes is larger than that of Bengal tigers and Siberian tigers, and the side of the body often appears lozenge lines.It is found not only in south China, but also in east, central and southwest China, and even in southern Shaanxi, eastern Gansu, western Henan and southern Shanxi.Today, the south China tiger is so unlikely to exist in the wild that many experts believe it is extinct.Currently, it is listed as one of the ten critically endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.Article/Peng Yahui map/Huang Huiwen design/Zhou Ziqian Think Tank/Huang Huiwen Special Support/Hunan Forestry Bureau [Editor: Peng Yahui][source: Hunan Daily · New Hunan client]