Health science hall | emergency doctor remind: these allergies knowledge do you understand?

2022-05-14 0 By

“He’s panting so hard that he can’t breathe. His mind is not clear. Come quickly and save him.”One night, the Shenyang first aid center received a call for help, and immediately the first aid mission was immediately dispatched to the nearest sujiatun branch center.The first aid team rushed to the scene after receiving the first aid mission.The patient, a 33-year-old male, arrived at the scene with dyspnea, blurred consciousness, cyanosis with perspiration, and unstable vital signs.At the same time as the visiting doctor monitored vital signs, the team of nurses had quickly established an intravenous access.The rescue scene, the first aid team as a precision instrument as tacit cooperation race against time, “a jiaqianglong static push.””The heart rate has dropped a bit, the breathing has eased a bit. Give me another one.”The doctor had the endotracheal intubation instrument in hand, and even though the patient’s vital signs were stabilizing, he was still ready to open the airway at any time.Finally, under the rescue of the medical staff against time, the patient’s condition stabilized.Although he was still breathing quickly, the cyanosis had gradually subsided and consciousness was returning.At this time, the emergency doctor issued a transfer order: “The vital signs meet the conditions for transfer, and immediately refer to the hospital for further treatment.”On the way, the emergency staff further learned that the patient had a tooth extraction 1 days ago and developed such symptoms after taking amoxicillin orally today, which was consistent with the symptoms of anaphylactic shock.Thanks to the decisive and effective treatment of the emergency staff, the patient was fully conscious and her vital signs were gradually stable when she arrived at hospital.Seeing the patient’s obvious change, the family members, who had been nervous and flustered, also calmed down and firmly shook the hands of the emergency workers. “Thank you, thank you, thank you so much, thanks to your timely arrival, he could turn the corner. I really don’t know how to express my sincere thanks to you emergency workers.Allergic reactions are not unfamiliar in our daily life, and sometimes occur in the process of improper diet or the application of drugs, especially for some people with allergic constitution, many substances will become allergens for them, causing skin rash and itching and other symptoms, or life-threatening.First, what is an allergic reaction?Allergic reaction refers to the tissue damage or functional disorder that occurs when the immune organism is stimulated by the same antigen again.Some people eat fish, shrimp, crab and other food, will have abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, or itching skin;Some people will develop rhinitis or asthma after inhaling pollen or dust;Some people go into shock after being injected with penicillin.These are all signs of an allergic reaction.The substance that causes allergic reaction is called allergen in medicine 3, what are the symptoms of allergy?Cause allergy factors are different, symptoms are not the same, mainly red skin, itching pain, cough, sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, nasal itching, eye swelling and itching.Severe cases will appear nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dyspnea, shock and other symptoms.Four, how to prevent and cure allergic reaction?The prevention of allergic reaction is more important than treatment, should start from paying attention to daily life, proper diet and proper physical exercise.In winter and cold weather, high-calorie foods and high-quality protein are needed.In addition, to get enough multivitamins and minerals, such as vitamin D has antiviral ability;And vitamin A can protect and enhance the function of upper respiratory mucosa and respiratory epithelial cells, so as to resist the invasion of various pathogenic factors;Vitamin E has the function of improving human immunity and enhancing disease resistance.Proper outdoor activities can improve the body’s resistance to disease and help prevent spring allergies.If the body often appears allergic reaction should seek medical treatment as soon as possible to identify the allergen, in life away from the allergen, to avoid the occurrence of reaction.When severe allergic symptoms occur, seek medical advice in time for desensitization, and call “120” as soon as possible in the moment of danger;The use of drugs, especially antibiotics, must be careful to take medicine, if necessary, the need to consult a doctor for sensitization observation.Xue Yi, emergency physician of Sujiatun Branch of Shenyang Emergency Center.He has been engaged in clinical work for 6 years. He is good at emergency first aid, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and acute and critical treatment.